Most Popular Temples in India, Reasons behind these Temples, Visiting Time, Contact Numbers, Addresses

India has been praised by some of the great people who have lived on the Earth. The evidence of Indian civilization can be traced back to thousands of years. No other place can vouch for the sort of diversity, which fills every nook and cranny of this incredible country. The various religions, languages, dialects, traditions, and customs provide many facets of the majestic country called India.

Indian religions, especially Hindu faith, offer numerous Gods and Goddesses to seek blessings from.

Below is a list of 15 famous pilgrimage places in India, which stand gloriously, pouring blessings over the mankind.

Golden Temple – Amritsar

Sri Harmandir Sahib (also known Darbar Sahib or Golden temple or Suvarna Mandir) is the most pious pilgrimage place for Sikhs. It is not a large temple, but it is stunning. Built in 1577, the temple’s dome is gilded with 750 kg of pure gold.

A marble walkway surrounds the temple with milky white buildings protecting it on all four sides.

Langar Timing: The Golden Temple’s langar, which means community kitchen, is named after the fourth guru of the Sikh community, Guru Ram Das. It is operational 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, and it is open to everybody who comes to the Golden Temple… devotee, tourist, curiosity-seeker.

Why Golden Temple was built :

In 1578, Guru Ram Das excavated a tank, which subsequently became known as Amritsar (Pool of the Nectar of Immortality), giving its name to the city that grew around it. In due course, the Harmandir Sahib, was built in the middle of this tank and became the supreme center of Sikhism.

Location: Amritsar, Punjab. India.
Visiting Time: 3AM–10PM
Address: Golden Temple Rd, Atta Mandi, Katra Ahluwalia, Amritsar, Punjab 143006. India.
Contact Number: 0183 255 3957

Vaishno Devi Mandir – Katra


The abode of Maa (mother) Vaishno Devi and is located at an altitude of 5200 ft in a mountain called Trikuta. It is situated in Jammu and Kashmir, near Katra town.

Due to the strong faith of the people, every year millions of them come to take the blessings of Maa Vaishno Devi.  It is said that it is Maa Vaishno who decides her visitors. It is she who calls her devotees to her doorsteps. Anyone making a successful journey to her shrine is there because of her wish. The shrine is open all year round.

The best time to visit Vaishno Devi for pilgrims throughout the year, but the best time to undertake the journey is between the months of March and October. A lot of pilgrims visit Vaishno Devi between these months as the weather is cool and pleasant, but maximum visitors plan their trip during the Navratras.

Why Vaishno Devi was built?

Mata Vaishno Devi had an Ashram on the foothills of Trikuta. The ashram was constructed on the instructions of Lord Rama, who ensured Vaishnavi to built an ashram where they will live after getting married in the Kaliyug.

However, Vaishno Devi for pilgrims is open throughout the year.

Location: Katra, Jammu. India
Visiting Time: 3AM–10PM
Address: Katra-Reasi Rd, Bhavan, Katra, Jammu and Kashmir 182301
Contact Number: 01991 234 053
Number of Temples: 4

Tirumala Venkateswara/Tirupati Balaji – Tirupati

 

Why Tirupati Balaji Temple was built?

Located in the hilly town of Tirumala (Andhra Pradesh), the temple is also known as Tirumala Venkateshwara temple. The temple is devoted to Lord Venkateshwara, who is popularly called ‘Balaji’ and is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Venkateshwara Tirupati Balaji is the second richest religious site with people offering money and gold to their Lord running into millions, each day.

Location: Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh. India
Visiting Time: 3AM–10PM
Address: S Mada St, Tirumala, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh 517504
Contact Number: 0877 227 7777

Lotus Temple / The Baha’i House of Worship – New Delhi

Lotus Temple is one of the remarkable landmarks of Delhi. The notable lotus shaped temple was built in the year 1986 and is dedicated to Bahai faith.

The architect of this Bahai Temple, Furiburz Sabha selected Lotus as a common symbol of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Islam. Therefore, people of all religion are allowed to visit the place and spend time in silence. The temple is surrounded by a well-maintained garden and nine pools of clean water. It looks wonderful when gets illuminated in the evening.

Why Lotus Temple was built?

Lotus is a symbol of love and purity. It gives the message of immortality. And because of this Bahai temple is designed like a lotus flower and it is known as Lotus Temple. This awesome architecture is built by Persian architect Fariborz Sahba from Canada.

Height of Lotus Temple is 40 meters.

Location: Delhi. India
Visiting Time: 9:00AM to 7:00PM in summer and 9:00AM to 6:00PM in winter (from Tuesdays-Sundays), Mondays closed. There are 15-minute prayer sessions held in the temple at regular intervals every day.
Address: Lotus Temple Rd, Bahapur, Shambhu Dayal Bagh, Kalkaji, New Delhi, Delhi 110019
Contact Number: 011 2644 4029

Siddhivinayak Temple – Mumbai

Interestingly, the temple has adopted modern eco-friendly techniques of rainwater harvesting and is self-sufficient in energy with its own solar unit. The daily floral waste is recycled as compost. At the temple’s entrance are many shops that sell flowers, fruits and sweets that are brought as offerings to the god. Packets of ‘prasad’ containing ‘laddus’ and coconut ‘barfi’ are available at the temple’s outlet within the complex.

Why was Siddhivinayak Temple was built?

Consecrated on November 19, 1801, the original structure of the Siddhivinayak Temple was a small 3.6-meter x 3.6-meter square brick structure with a dome-shaped brick ‘shikhara’. The temple was built by a contractor called Laxman Vithu Patil and was funded by Mrs. Deubai Patil so that Lord Ganesh should grant children to barren women.

Location: Dadar, Mumbai. India
Visiting Time: Darshan Timings and Schedule
Address: S.K.Bole Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400028
Contact Number: 022 2422 4438

Somnath temple – Gujarat

 

The Somnath temple located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat, is believed to be the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva.

The Somnath temple is known as “the Shrine Eternal”, following a book of K. M. Munshi by this title and his narration of the temple’s destruction and reconstruction many times in history.

The present temple was built in 1995 by Shree Somnath Trust in the company of the Government of India. Today, Somnath Temple is under the maintenance of Shree Somnath Trust. The seven-storied structure of Somnath is tall to 155 feet.

Why Somnath Temple was built?

The Somnath temple located in Prabhas Patan near Veraval in Saurashtra on the western coast of Gujarat, is believed to be the first among the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is an important pilgrimage and tourist spot of Gujarat. Munshi, the then head of the temple trust.

Location: Patan, Gujarat. India

Visiting Time:
Darshan Timing is from 6 AM to 9.30PM.
Aarti Timings : Morning = 7:00 Am, 12:00Noon, 7:00Pm.
Light And Sound Show Timing = 8 To 9.
(Except in the Monsoon / Rainy Season).

Address: Somnath mandir road, Prabhas Patan, Gujarat 362268
Contact Number: 094282 14915

Rameshwaram Ramanathaswamy Temple – Tamilnadu


Rameshwaram is considered as one of the most important pilgrimages of India and is visited by hordes of pilgrims every year. Needless to mention, it’s because Rameshwaram is one of the Char Dhams according to Hindu Religion.

Rameshwaram Temple is situated in the island of Rameshwaram, off the Sethu coast of Tamil Nadu and is reached via the Pamban Bridge across the sea.  The huge temples are known for its long ornate corridors, towers and 36 theerthams.  Rameshwaram Jyothirlinga represents the southernmost of the 12 Jyotirlingams of India and has been a time honored pilgrimage center held on par with Benaras. Rameshwaram Temple Jyotirlinga is associated closely with the Ramayana and Rama’s victorious return from Sri Lanka.

Why Rameshwaram Temple was built?

Ramanathaswamy Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva located on Rameswaram island in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is also one of the twelve Jyotirlinga temples.

Location: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. India
Visiting Time: 4:30AM–1PM and 3–8:30PM
Address: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu 623526
Contact Number: 04573 221 223

Jagannath Temple, Puri – Odisha


The Jagannath Temple of Puri is an important Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Jagannath, a form of Vishnu, located on the eastern coast of India, at Puri in the state of Odisha.

Apart from Lord Jagannatha, Lord Balabhadra, Lord Subhadra the Sudarshan Chakra, deities of Sridevi, Madanmohan and Vishwadhatri are also worshipped in the temple.

Why Jagannath Temple/Puri was built?

You would be excited to know that the Jagannath Temple of Puri has a latent legend associated with it. It is believed that in the Krita Yuga, the actual image of the Lord had the power of granting ‘moksha’ to anyone who witnessed it. Yamaraja didn’t find this justice. So, he decided to keep the image in some distant and unknown corner of the earth. However, as Dvapar Yuga arrived, the idol that is worshipped today in Jagannath Puri was constructed by Lord Vishnu with the help of wooden logs. And it doesn’t make difference in the Lord’s power in spite of having the hands lacking.

Location: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. India
Visiting Time: 4:30AM–1PM and 3–8:30PM
Address: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu 623526
Contact Number: 04573 221 223

Yamunotri Temple, Dham – Uttarakhand


Yamunotri Temple is situated in the western region of Garhwal Himalayas at an altitude of 3,291 metres (10,797 ft) in Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Yamuna and has a black marble idol of the goddess. The first temple visit for the Char Dham yatra is the temple of Yamunotri dedicated to goddess Yamuna in Garhwal Himalayas.

Why Yamunotri Temple was built?

The main temple is dedicated to Goddess Yamuna. The present temple was built by Maharani Guleria of Jaipur in the late nineteenth century. Once destroyed by an earthquake, it has been rebuilt. A holy dip in the nearby tank filled by hot springs and cooking rice in its water are common rituals performed by the devotees. Here you can click lots of Yamunotri photos.

Location: Garhwal Himalayas, Uttarakhand. India

Visiting Time: 6.30am to 7.30pm
The temple opens in the month of May each year on Akshaya Tritiya day and shuts down for the winters in November on the day of Yama Dwitiya; the second day following Diwali.

Address: Gangotri, Uttarakhand 249193

Shirdi Sai Baba Temple – Maharashtra

Sai Baba of Shirdi, also known as Shirdi Sai Baba, was an Indian spiritual master who is regarded by his devotees as a saint, a fakir, a satguru and an incarnation of Lord Shiva.

Shirdi is located approximately 296 km from Mumbai, capital of Maharashtra in India. It is called the Land of Sai. The closest and most highly connected city from Shirdi is Ahmednagar and Nashik city.

Why Shird Sai Baba Temple built?

The Shirdi Sai Baba movement began in the 19th century, while he was living in Shirdi. A local Khandoba priest, Mhalsapati Nagre, is believed to have been his first devotee. It is believed that Sai Baba gave one Rupee to Dada Madye ji with which he built the temple in Kudal.

Location: Shirdi, Maharashtra. India
Visiting Time: Darshan Timings
Address: Shirdi Taluka. Rahata Dist. Ahmednagar 423109
Contact Number: 022-24166556

Kedarnath Temple – Uttarakhand

The temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is located at a height of 1,755 ft on the Garhwal Himalayan range near Ganga’s tributary Mandakini river in Kedarnath, Uttarakhand.

The Kedarnath temple also has statues of Parvati, five Pandavas, their queen Draupadi, Lord Krishna, Nandi, Virabhadra, among other deities, along with the vehicle of Lord Shiva.

Due to extreme weather conditions, the Kedarnath temple takes a six-month winter break from Bhai Dooj and reopens post Akshaya Tritiya in late April or early May.

Why Kedarnath Temple was built?

Kedarnath is one among the Hindu Char Dham Yatra (pilgrimage), and it is also one of the temples situated in the high altitude. Though it is believed to be created by the Pandavas of Mahabharata, the present temple is designed by Adi Guru Shankaracharya.

Location: Garhwal Himalayan, India
Visiting Time: 4PM-9PM
Address: Kedarnath, Uttarakhand 246445
Contact Number: 8859504001

Amarnath Cave Temple

One of the famous and important religious destinations dedicated to Lord Shiva is the holy Amarnath Cave that is located in Jammu and Kashmir. Each year, lakhs of Hindu devotees visit the cave to pay obeisance to the ice Shiv lingam, a form of Lord Shiva that is formed inside the cave.

Story behind Amarnath Cave

The cave is believed to be around 5000 years old. As per a popular legend, Buta Malik (a Muslim shepherd) met a holy man who handed him a bag full of coal. On reaching home, he found that the coal has got converted into gold. Moved by the miracle the shepherd went in search of the saintly man and instead found the sacred abode of Lord Shiva. The pilgrimage towards Amarnath consists of a 5 days trek in which the devotees brave tough and uncertain climatic conditions and walk for 40 miles.

Location: Garhwal Himalayan, India
Address: Baltal Amarnath Trek, Forest Block, Anantnag, Pahalgam, Jammu and Kashmir 192230
Contact Number: 1800 102 1060