These Indian outfits or loose piece of cloth is known as saree or sari and admiringly worn by every other woman in India.
Banarasi Silk Sarees
A Banarasi saree is a saree made in Varanasi, a city which is also called Banaras. The sarees are among the finest sarees in India and are known for their gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk and opulent embroidery.
Depending on its designs and patterns, a saree can take from 15 days to a month and sometimes up to six months to complete. Banarasi sarees are mostly worn by Indian women on important occasions such as when attending a wedding and are expected to be complemented by the woman’s best jewelry.
The traditional Banarasi saree is done with a lot of hard work and skillful work using the silk.
Nauvari Art Silk Saree. Nauvari (also known as Nav Vari, Navarre, Kasta Sari, Kacha, Sakachcha, Lugade) is a nine yards saree worn by the Marathi women or women of Maharashtra. The name ‘Nauvari‘ originated from the saree’s length of nine yards.
Nauvari Saree is a style of sari draping is very similar to the way the Maharashtrian dhoti is worn. The Nauvari Saree is being tucked at back. It is not just worn at religious and cultural events, but women have fought wars in the past and still work in farmlands wearing this.
Paithani Saree is named after the Paithan Town in Aurangabad Maharashtra state where they are woven by hand. Made from very fine silk. Paithani Saree is one of the richest saris in India.
The name “Paithani” is derived from the small town Paithan located in Central India, Maharashtra state, about 400 km north east of Bombay. This place is one of the Deccan’s oldest towns. The Paithani Sarees & Fabrics is socio-culturally associated with the people of Maharashtra due to its confluence with the culture of the people. The Paithani saree is traditionally a part of the trousseau of every Maharashtrian bride.
Paithani Saree is characterized by borders of an oblique square design, and a pallu with a peacock design.The Paithani saree is known all over the world over for its uniqueness.
Kalamkari Saree is the Ancient Indian Art of Organic Painting about 3000 years ago. It derives its name from Kalam meaning Pen, and Kari meaning work.
Kalamkari Saree is a style of painting originated at Kalahasti Kalahasti (80 miles north of Chennai) and at Masulipatnam (200 miles east of Hyderabad).
These paintings were earlier drawn on cotton fabric only, but now we can see these paintings on silk and other materials as well. The Kalamkari art includes both, printing and painting. The colors used in making these paintings are organic. Most of the colors are prepared using parts of plants – roots, leaves along with mineral salts of iron, tin, copper, alum, etc., which are used as mordants.
This painting is used to depict Hindu Deities scenes from Hindu mythology. Masulipatnam being a Muslim region, the weavers were involved in the block printing art whereas the artists painting Hindu mythological scenes.
Baluchari Silk Sarees
Baluchari Sari is a garment is worn by women across India and Bangladesh. This particular type of sari originated in Bengal and is known for depictions of mythological scenes on the pallu of the sari. It takes approximately one week to produce one such sari. These are hand woven and use the purest of yarns depending on the material. These were originally woven only using the purest of silk threads; however, as time went by, cotton fabric was also used to weave the Baluchari sari
The name Baluchari came into existence because the weaving of these saris started in a small village called Baluchar in the Murshidabad district of West Bengal around 500 years ago. Due to some natural calamities, the weaving set up was then moved to Bishnupur from Baluchar and the industry grew tremendously there after the British rule.
Gota saree work is a type of Indian embroidery that originated in Rajasthan, India. Small pieces of zari ribbon are applied onto the fabric with the edges sewn down to create elaborate patterns.
The cities of Jaipur, Bikaner, Ajmer, Udaipur, and Kota are the epicenter of uniquely styled Gota work. Elaborate patterns are created using applique technique with metals like gold, silver, copper etc.
The dresses with Gota work are used for special occasions or religious occasions
Originally gold and silver metals were used to embroider but were eventually replaced by copper coated with silver as the genuine way of making it was very expensive. The copper has been replaced by a polyester film which is further metallized and coated to suit requirements. This is known as Plastic Gota and is highly durable as it has a good resistance.
Dhakai Jamdani Sarees
Jamdani was originally known as Dhakai named after the city of Dhaka,
Dhakai Jamdani or simply Dhakai, this art of textile weaving has its roots in Dhaka, Bangladesh. … Even the name, Jamdani, is of Persian origin and comes from the word “jam” meaning flower and “dani” meaning vase. The name is suggestive of the beautiful floral motifs on these sarees.
Jamdani patterns are mostly of geometric, plant, and floral designs and are said to have originated thousands of years ago.
The original Jamdani sarees in Dhaka were woven in pure cotton and hand weaven. The finer the weave, the more soft, light and expensive was the resulting cotton fabric. Today, modern versions of the Jamdani are also woven in a blend of cotton and silk, and sometimes, even in pure silk. More vibrant colors including gold and silver colored yarns are used to make contemporary designs. These sarees have a glossier finish and are worn by women all over India, to make a style statement in traditional Dhaki Jamdani.
Assam Silk Sarees
The famous part of Assam apart from tea-plantations is Assam’s Muga Silk Saree. This Fabric is extreme durability and natural yellowish-golden tint was once reserved only for royalty. As compared to other saree it is expensive as buying a gold. As Muga silk is now becoming in trend and popular as many of choose as wedding saree and traditional wear. Weaving is the most important aspects of Assam. Weaving is found in almost every home in villages of Assam.
These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability.
Typically, a silk farmer requires access to at least an acre of land if he has to cultivate about 400 grams of Muga silk at a go.
Further, 1000 cocoons can generate about 125 grams of silk but a single saree requires at least 1000 grams of silk. The time taken to weave a single Muga silk saree is roughly two months, from rearing the silkworm to obtaining the finished product. The actual weaving process takes about one week to 10 days to complete
Kanjeevaram from Tamil Nadu
Kanchipuram Silk is a type of silk saree made in the Kanchipuram region in Tamil Nadu, India. Kanchipuram Silk is a magnificent creation of craftsmen living small town Kanchi situated near Banglore city of South India
Around 5,000 families were involved in saree production.There are 25 silk and cotton yarn industries and 60 dyeing units in the region.
The sarees are woven from pure mulberry silk thread. The pure mulberry silk used in the making of Kanchipuram saris comes from South India and the zari comes from Gujarat.
To weave a Kanchipuram sari three shuttles are used. While the weaver works on the right side, his aide works on the left side shuttle. The border color and design are usually quite different from the body. In a genuine Kanchipuram Silk Sari, body and border are woven separately and then interlocked together. The joint is woven so strongly that even if the sarees tears, the border will not detach.
Kanjivaram sarees of India make use of a combination of numerous colored threads. Adding to the attraction of the saris is the exquisite and elaborate zari (a form of embroidery) work. Indian Kanchipuram sari is heavily based on the Pallava temples, palaces, and paintings. However, these days one can see scenes from great epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata, along with the Bhagwad Gita are being used.
Pattu saree is a silk and zari saree especially worn by South Indians in Tamil Nadu. But these are only traditional wear as it is very heavy and not so comfortable wear.
The tradition of wearing silk sarees for marriages and other auspicious ceremonies is a custom in India. Silk is considered as a symbol of royalty and historically, silk was used primarily by the upper classes.
Silk garments and sarees produced in Kanchipuram, Mysore, Arani in the south, Banaras in the north, Murshidabad in the east are well recognized.
Batik Print Saree
The word batik actually means ‘wax writing’. It is a way of decorating cloth by covering a part of it with a coat of wax and then dyeing the cloth. The waxed areas keep their original color and when the wax is removed the contrast between the dyed and undyed areas makes the pattern.
The beauty of batik lies in its simplicity and the fact that one need not be an artist to achieve results. Some of the best effects in batik are often achieved by chance.
A Batik creation involves 3 basic steps – waxing, dyeing, and scraping ( removing). Overall the process is one where Firstly the wax is used for creating designs on certain pre-defined areas on the fabric. Secondly, the fabric is dyed and then the wax is removed by scraping or by boiling the cloth so that the wax peels off. The result is a beautiful piece of cloth with some very unconventional designs.
Traditionally, it is used on Cotton or Silk fabrics. Georgette saree is also being used.
It is believed that the finest Batik designs in India come from the artisans of Cholamandalam near Chennai, Tamilnadu. Batik printing is also done in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.
Tant saree is a traditional Bengali saree and usually used by Bengali women.
Tant Saree is light in weight suited for humid and warm summers of this region. Mosty Tant saree are used for normal daily wear and fully made of cotton and very much comfortable.Tant sarees are characterized by a thick border, a decorative pallav and are woven with a variety of floral, paisley and other artistic.
The weaving Tant saree Bundles of cotton threads coming from the mills are first washed to remove any chemicals, sun-dried, bleached, again dried, and then dipped in boiling colored water to dye them. They are then starched and processed some more to make them finer and stronger. The threads are wound on bamboo drums to feed them into the loom for weaving.
It is traditionally made by the weavers from all over West Bengal and Bangladesh but typically few places like Murshidabad, Nadia, Hooghly of West Bengal and Dhaka, Tangail of Bangladesh are famous for Tant saree weaving.
The term bandhani is derived from the Sanskrit verbal root bandh. Today most Bandhani making centers are situated in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Sindh, Punjab region and in Tamil Nadu.
Bandhani is a technique of tie and dye. As the name suggests, the technique of Tie and Dye involves two stages: tying sections of a length of cloth (silk or cotton) and then dunking it into vats of color. The rainbow-tinged turbans of the Rajputs and the odhnis of their women are shaded by this method of resist dyeing.
Bandhani is also known as Bandhej, Bandhni, Piliya, and Chungidi in Tamil and regional dialects. Other tying techniques include Mothra, Ekdali, and Shikari depending on the manner in which the cloth is tied. The final products are known with various names including Khombi, Ghar Chola, Patori, and Chandrokhani.
Jamnagar is among the important centers producing odhnis, saris, and turbans in bandhani.
Chanderi from Madhya Pradesh
Kasavu from Kerala
Kasavu is a hand woven cream colored saree with gold border, worn by Malayalee women.
Kasavu is a glorious tradition which Malayalees follow as a passionate dream which we want to keep forever in the golden casket of our heart.
The Kasavu fabrics are of high quality are available at reasonable price only in the show rooms of Kasavukada
Bombai saree is a handloom saree from Odisha It is an origin of Bomkai, Ganjam district in the state and is primarily produced by the “Bhulia” community of Subarnapur district. Bomkai is one of the identified Geographical Indications of India.
A combination of Ikat & thread designs, woven solely through manual weaving techniques, the Bomakai Saree is in the true sense a unique piece of art. Also known as Sonepur sarees as they are mainly made in the sonepur district of Odisha.
Sonepur handloom sarees, Sonepuri paatas and silk sarees are popular items displayed at various fashion shows.
The borders are often in contrasting colors and the pallus marked by intricate threadwork. The motifs on the Bomkai are inspired from nature and tribal art, giving the saree a fascinating look that makes it perfect
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